In many cases, a rural farm well is not easily accessible for monitoring and conducting regular preventative maintenance. The typical design of the average farm well also makes it difficult to conduct pump tests to obtain well performance data, and to collect water samples directly from the well.
A "user-friendly" well design can overcome these problems and encourage regular monitoring and allow for the effective application of preventative maintenance treatments. The "user-friendly" design consists of two components, a hydrant and an access tube.
The hydrant can be installed in close proximity to the well, as shown in the drawing below. This facilitates the performance of periodic pump tests and the collection of specific capacity data and water samples, which are necessary to forewarn of any potential problems.
Another simple design adaptation is the installation of an access tube that extends from just above the well intake area to the top of the well casing. The access tube can also incorporate an appropriate fitting to allow connection of an injection pump as well as an air compressor. This will allow treatment chemicals to be introduced directly into the well intake area, and permit air-lift pumping to disrupt and remove plugging material from the well. A water level sounder can also be lowered down this access tube to monitor water levels in the well.